University of São Paulo (commonly referred to as USP) is the
largest institution of higher education and research in Brazil, and
the third in size in Latin America. It is also classified among the
largest one hundred of the approximately six thousand such organizations
in existence in the world today. USP is influential in the area of
higher education in the South-American continent, having educated
countless professors with masters' and doctors' degrees now teaching
at private colleges and universities in Brazil. With its numerous
accomplishments throughout the years, USP continues to evolve in the
areas of education, science, technology, and the arts.
USP was founded with the purpose of fostering research, advancing science, and transmitting the knowledge that enlivens and develops the human spirit and promotes human life. The university aims at the preparation of specialists in all fields of culture and in all scientific and artistic professions, its motto being: "You shall conquer through knowledge." Its objectives include providing the students with a dynamic education which will enable them to keep pace with the transformations in knowledge and maintain permanent dialogue with society in a productive integration that joins education, research and university extension.
USP's teaching units are distributed among its six campuses: one in the City of São Paulo and five in the interior of the state, in the cities of Bauru, Piracicaba, Pirassununga, Ribeirão Preto and São Carlos. The university's administrative infrastructure and 23 of its 35 teaching units are located on the campus in São Paulo, which bears the name of Armando de Salles Oliveira University City. Four other large schools are located off the campus and there are scientific bases and museums in a number of other locations, including Anhembi, Anhumas, Araraquara, Cananéia, Itatinga, Itirapina, Piraju, Salesópolis, São Sebastião, Ubatuba and Valinhos, in the State of São Paulo, and Marabá, in the state of Pará.
The university offers
undergraduate courses in all areas of knowledge, and ten of its 23 national
graduate programs were given the maximum grade attributed by the Higher
Education Coordinating Office (Capes) of the Federal Ministry of Education.
To provide support to
its research activities, USP has units that are dedicated to elementary
and secondary education, including the Application School associated
with the School of Education, and the Technical-professional Dramatic
Arts School, of the School of Communications and Arts.
Through its extension
activities, such as the Neighbor Project (Projeto Avizinhar), the Community
Cooperatives, and the
Open University Project for Senior Citizens, USP plays a major role
in the growth of the communities near its campus. In addition, its 24
museums and the Practical Science Museum (Estação Ciência)
jointly receive one million visitors per year, including excursions
made by approximately two thousand schools. The university hospitals
in São Paulo and other cities in the state serve over one million
persons. Besides these services, the university has a Sports Center,
jogging tracks, and excellent psychotherapeutic, genetic and dental
services, as well as a clinical analysis service. It also has a university
Universitário), a veterinary hospital, and partnerships with
the General Hospital of the Medical School (Hospital
das Clínicas) and with the São Paulo Institute of Social
Medicine and Criminology.
With the purpose of maintaining
positive communication with its internal community and with the public
in general, all of the university's official media are subordinated
to the (CCS).
These media include the University Radio Station (Radio
USP), the University Television Channel (TV
USP), the USP
Press Agency, the USP
Magazine, the USP
Newspaper, the USP
Web Portal and the Espaço
A little history
In 1949, the School of
Philosophy, Sciences and Letters was installed in its sophisticated
building on Rua Maria Antônia, in Vila Buarque, near Mackenzie
College, and not far from the School of Architecture, the School of
Economics, the School of Sociology and Politics, and the Armando Álvares
Penteado Foundation. The presence
of students in the residential neighborhood of Vila Buarque meant a
great enthusiasm in the region, which soon became the most important
center of student activities in São Paulo, almost a university
campus in the heart of the city.
In the context of the
worldwide unrest of 1968 - especially the student revolt in France,
the students' demonstrations at the University of California at Berkeley,
the Prague Springtime, and the Black Civil Rights Movement in the United
States - Brazil also participated in the climate of dissension, with
its own specific characteristics. The Maria
Antônia Faculty of Philosophy actively participated in the political
and cultural atmosphere of the period. The street was a meeting point
for students, where all stood up as members of the vanguard of critical
thinking and took positions in regard to the social, political and cultural
conditions of the time. It was a period of student marches, assemblies,
manifestations and demands, and it all came to a tragic halt with the
burning of the building on Rua Maria Antônia on October 2 and
The abuses of authoritarianism seriously affected the university in general. Many of its professors, as well as of other institutions of education and research in Brazil, were removed from their teaching positions, frustrating the progressive aspirations of the great majority of students and teachers.
But USP survived the period and through the years other units, research institutions and museums were gradually incorporated into the university, multiplying and diversifying the courses offered.
Today, as ever, the University of São Paulo strives to be a vigorous and dynamic institution, in constant growth and renovation with the arrival of new generations of students and teachers. However, in these almost seven decades of existence, it has already reached sufficient maturity to prepare a solid path for the future.
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